Publication Abstract

Authors: Elting LS, Xu Y, Chavez-MacGregor M, Giordano SH

Title: Granulocyte growth factor use in elderly patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in the United States: adherence to guidelines and comparative effectiveness.

Journal: Support Care Cancer 24(6):2695-706

Date: 2016 Jun

Abstract: PURPOSE: The efficacy of prophylactic granulocyte colony-stimulating factors (G-CSFs) among elderly patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) receiving CHOP-based chemotherapy has been demonstrated in clinical trials, and G-CSFs are recommended in guidelines. We studied guideline adherence and the effectiveness of G-CSFs in the general population. METHODS: We used inpatient and outpatient claims from nationally representative databases linked to cancer information from tumor registries. Patients (N = 5884) diagnosed with NHL between 2001 and 2007 who were older than 65 years and who received CHOP-based chemotherapy were included. Adherence to guidelines was measured as the use of G-CSFs within 7 days of the first dose of chemotherapy. The measures of effectiveness were fever, infection, and death during cycle 1 of chemotherapy and time to cycle 2. Multiple-variable models of these outcomes were developed using logistic regression, controlling for demographic, clinical, and provider factors. RESULTS: G-CSF use increased from 32 % in 2001 to 72 % in 2007. Patients who received G-CSFs were significantly less likely to have outpatient encounters for infection than those who did not receive early G-CSFs (35 vs 47 %; p < 0.0001). Inpatient encounters for infection were similarly prevalent among patients who did or did not receive early G-CSFs (5 vs 4 %; p = 0.2). There was no association between G-CSF use and death during cycle 1. CONCLUSIONS: Adherence to guidelines increased after publication of clinical trials and exceeded 70 % after publication of guidelines. G-CSFs were effective in preventing outpatient encounters for fever or infection, but not inpatient encounters or deaths during cycle 1.