Publication Abstract

Authors: Atienza AA, Moser RP, Perna F, Dodd K, Ballard-Barbash R, Troiano RP, Berrigan D

Title: Self-reported and objectively measured activity related to biomarkers using NHANES.

Journal: Med Sci Sports Exerc 43(5):815-21

Date: 2011 May

Abstract: PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the independent associations of self-reported and objectively measured (using accelerometers) moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) with physiological and anthropometric biomarkers in a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults. METHODS: Data from the cross-sectional National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2006 data were analyzed. Adults 20 yr and older (N=5797) with self-reported PA and 4 d or more of accelerometer data were included in the analyses. Pregnant or lactating women were excluded. Outcomes were blood pressure, body mass index, waist circumference, triceps and subscapular skinfolds, cholesterol, triglyceride, C-reactive protein, homocysteine, and insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia indices. RESULTS: Objectively measured MVPA displayed stronger independent associations with the biomarkers than did self-reported MVPA, even after adjusting for sociodemographic and health factors (adjusted Wald F values=3.9-85.6, P<0.05-0.0001). Self-reported and objectively measured MVPA were independently associated with skinfold measures, HDL, and C-reactive protein when both were included in the model. CONCLUSIONS: Objectively measured MVPA displayed stronger associations with physiological and anthropometric biomarkers than self-reported MVPA. However, self-reported and objectively measured MVPA appear to capture distinct aspects of PA that are independently associated with certain biomarkers. Further understanding of the distinct contributions of self-reported and objectively measured PA to health outcomes could help to better identify optimal activity level and pattern.