Publication Abstract

Authors: Mazaris P, Hong X, Altshuler D, Schultz L, Poisson LM, Jain R, Mikkelsen T, Rosenblum M, Kalkanis S

Title: Key determinants of short-term and long-term glioblastoma survival: a 14-year retrospective study of patients from the Hermelin Brain Tumor Center at Henry Ford Hospital.

Journal: Clin Neurol Neurosurg 120:103-12

Date: 2014 May

Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Glioblastoma (GBM) is a heterogeneous neoplasm with a small percentage of long-term survivors. Despite aggressive surgical resection and advances in radiotherapy and chemotherapy, the median survival for patients with GBM is 12-14 months. Factors associated with a favorable prognosis include young age, high performance status, gross resection >98%, non-eloquent tumor location and O6-methylguanine methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter methylation. We retrospectively analyzed the relationship of clinical, epidemiologic, genetic and molecular characteristics with survival in patients with GBM. METHODS: This retrospective analysis of overall survival looked at the outcomes of 480 patients diagnosed with GBM over 14 years at a single institution. Multivariate analysis was performed examining multiple patient characteristics. RESULTS: Median survival time improved from 11.8 months in patients diagnosed from 1995 to 1999 to 15.9 months in those diagnosed from 2005 to 2008. Factors associated with survivor groups were age, KPS, tumor resection, treatment received and early progression. 18 cancer-related genes were upregulated in short-term survivors and five genes were downregulated in short-term survivors. CONCLUSIONS: Epidemiologic, clinical, and molecular characteristics all contribute to GBM prognosis. Identifying factors associated with survival is important for treatment strategies as well as research for novel therapeutics and technologies. This study demonstrated improved survival for patients over time as well as significant differences among survivor groups.