Publication Abstract

Authors: Shopland DR, Brown C

Title: Toward the 1990 objectives for smoking: measuring the progress with 1985 NHIS data.

Journal: Public Health Rep 102(1):68-73

Date: 1987 Jan-Feb

Abstract: The Health Promotion and Disease Prevention component of the 1985 National Health Interview Survey allowed us to measure the progress made toward achieving the 1990 objectives for the nation concerning cigarette smoking. The first smoking-related objective, namely, to reduce to below 25 percent the proportion of the U.S. population who smoke, has not been achieved. Today 31 percent of the population smoke. More than 85 percent are aware of the special risk of developing and worsening chronic obstructive lung disease, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema among smokers. More than 90 percent are aware that smoking is a major cause of lung cancer; however, awareness of the risk of laryngeal, esophageal, bladder, and other kinds of cancer from smoking is not so great. More than 85 percent are aware that cigarette smoking is one of the major risk factors for heart disease. In general, then, the 1990 objectives concerning the population's knowledge of the health consequences of cigarette smoking have been met.