Publication Abstract

Authors: Sun M, Sammon JD, Becker A, Roghmann F, Tian Z, Kim SP, Larouche A, Abdollah F, Hu JC, Karakiewicz PI, Trinh QD

Title: Radical prostatectomy vs radiotherapy vs observation among older patients with clinically localized prostate cancer: a comparative effectiveness evaluation.

Journal: BJU Int 113(2):200-8

Date: 2014 Feb

Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To compare efficacy between radical prostatectomy (RP), radiotherapy and observation with respect to overall survival (OS) in patients with clinically localized prostate cancer (PCa). METHODS: Using data (1988-2005) from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare linked database, 67 087 men with localized PCa were identified. The prevalence of the initial treatment strategy was quantified according to patients' life expectancy ([LE] <10 vs ≥10 years) at initial diagnosis and according to tumour stage. To reduce the unmeasured bias associated with treatment, we performed an instrumental variable analysis. Stratified (by stage and LE) Cox regression and competing-risks regression analyses were generated for the prediction of OS and cancer-specific mortality, respectively. RESULTS: Among patients with <10 years of LE, most were treated with radiotherapy (49%) or observation (47%). Among patients with ≥10 years of LE, most received radiotherapy (49%), followed by RP (26%). In men with <10 years of LE, RP and radiotherapy were not different with respect to OS (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.81, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.45-1.48, P = 0.499). Conversely, in men with ≥10 years of LE, RP was associated with an improved OS compared with observation (HR: 0.59, 95% CI: 0.49-0.71, P < 0.001) and radiotherapy (HR: 0.66, 95% CI: 0.56-0.79, P < 0.001). Similar results were recorded in competing-risks regression analyses. CONCLUSION: In patients with an estimated LE ≥10 years at initial diagnosis, RP was associated with improved survival compared with radiotherapy and observation, regardless of disease stage.