Publication Abstract

Authors: Chia VM, Newcomb PA, Lampe JW, White E, Mandelson MT, McTiernan A, Potter JD

Title: Leptin concentrations, leptin receptor polymorphisms, and colorectal adenoma risk.

Journal: Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 16(12):2697-703

Date: 2007 Dec

Abstract: Obesity has been shown to be associated with an increased risk of both colorectal cancer and adenomatous polyps. One mechanism underlying this relationship may involve the growth-promoting effects of the circulating hormones associated with obesity, such as leptin. We conducted a gastroenterology clinic-based, case-control study to evaluate the relationship between circulating leptin concentrations and colorectal adenoma risk; in addition, we evaluated the relationship between leptin receptor polymorphisms and adenoma risk. Individuals with adenomas (n = 157) and colonoscopy-negative controls (n = 191), who had a clinically indicated colonoscopy, were recruited from a large health maintenance organization in the Seattle metropolitan area from 1999 to 2003. Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were obtained using logistic regression, adjusting for age at diagnosis, body mass index, family history of colorectal cancer, smoking history, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use, physical activity, and, among women, menopausal status and postmenopausal hormone use. Among men, those in the highest tertile of leptin concentrations had a 3.3-fold (95% confidence interval, 1.2-8.7) increased adenoma risk compared with those in the lowest tertile (P trend = 0.01). There were no associations between leptin concentrations and adenoma risk in women. There were no associations of leptin receptor genotypes or haplotypes and adenoma risk. The results of this study suggest that, in men, leptin may be associated with risk of colorectal adenomas.