Authors: Farias AJ, Ochoa CY, Toledo G, Bang SI, Hamilton AS, Du XL
Title: Racial/ethnic differences in patient experiences with health care in association with earlier stage at breast cancer diagnosis: findings from the SEER-CAHPS data.
Journal: Cancer Causes Control 31(1):13-23
Date: 2020 Jan
PubMed ID: 31797123
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Black women are more likely to be diagnosed with later stage breast cancer compared to white women due to biological or access to care factors. Therefore, our objective was to identify whether racial/ethnic differences in patient experiences with healthcare are associated with stage at diagnosis. METHODS: We used the SEER registry data linked with patient surveys from the Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS) completed prior to the diagnosis date. We examined responses about various aspects of their care such as the ability to get needed care, and to get care quickly. We used multivariable linear regression to examine racial/ethnic differences in patient experiences, and a multivariable ordinal logistic regression to determine the association between patient experiences and earlier stage at diagnosis. RESULTS: Of the 10,144 patients, 80.7% were non-Hispanic white, 7.6% black, 7.1% Hispanic, and 4.6% Asian. After controlling for potential confounders, black patients had significantly lower mean scores for getting care quickly (β = - 2.78), getting needed care (β = - 2.26), getting needed prescription drugs (β = - 3.83), and lower ratings of their health care (β = - 2.33) compared to white patients. More importantly, we found that black patients who reported a 1-unit increase in rating of their experiences with customer service (OR 1.04, 95% CI 1.01-1.06) and the ability to get care quickly (OR 1.03, 1.01-1.05) had higher odds of earlier stage breast cancer. CONCLUSION: Racial/ethnic minorities reported poorer patient experiences with care preceding a diagnosis of breast cancer. Better ratings among black patients were associated with earlier stage at diagnosis.