National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) Cancer Control Supplement (CCS)

About the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS)

The NHIS is a continuous, nationwide in-person survey of approximately 35,000 households, or about 87,500 persons, in the civilian non-institutionalized population. First administered in 1957, the NHIS serves as the main source of U.S. data on a broad range of health topics. It has historically been used for monitoring health patterns and trends, as well as tracking progress towards national goals. Data from NHIS also are widely used for research and policy analyses.

The NHIS is conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and is administered by the US Census Bureau. Information about the NHIS, including questionnaires, documentation, and datasets, is available on the National Center for Health Statistics NHIS Web siteExternal Web Site Policy.

Cancer Control Supplement (CCS)

NCI sponsors an annual Cancer Control Supplement (CCS) to the NHIS, which is administered to the sample adult in the selected household. The CCS focuses on issues pertaining to knowledge, attitudes, and practices of cancer-related health behaviors, screening, and risk assessment. The CCS covers a variety of topics on a rotating basis including, but not limited to:

  • cancer screening;
  • diet and nutrition;
  • physical activity;
  • sun protection;
  • tobacco use and control;
  • genetic testing;
  • family history of cancer; and
  • cancer risk assessment

NHIS CCS data are used for monitoring Healthy PeopleExternal Web Site Policy cancer control objectives. They have also been used in NCI's Cancer Trends Progress Report and in many published peer-reviewed manuscripts. NHIS CCS surveys and data are available on the NCHS Web site.

The NHIS CCS is co-sponsored by NCI's Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences and CDC's Division of Cancer Prevention and Control.

CCS Administration Schedule

The topics to be assessed as part of the annual Cancer Control Supplement align with the rotating and annual topics in the NHIS (PDF) External Web Site Policy. The proposed schedule of rotating content is shown below by year and by allotted time for each topic (shown in 30-second increments). The total length of the annual supplement is 5 minutes. This administration schedule is subject to change.

  2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028
Rotating NHIS Core Preventive services Health behavior Preventive services Health behavior Preventive services Health behavior Preventive services Health behavior Preventive services Health behavior
Care utilization Rotating conditions Care utilization Rotating conditions Care utilization Rotating conditions Care utilization
Mental health Employment Mental health Employment Mental health Employment Mental health
Cancer control supplement 00:30 Colorectal cancer screening Skin cancer Colorectal cancer screening Diet and nutrition Colorectal cancer screening Skin cancer Colorectal cancer screening Diet and nutrition Colorectal cancer screening Skin cancer
00:30
00:30
00:30
00:30 Breast cancer screening
/Prostate
Lung cancer screening Breast cancer screening
/Prostate
Breast cancer screening
/Prostate
Lung cancer screening Breast cancer screening
/Prostate
Cervical cancer screening
/Prostate
Lung cancer screening
00:30
00:30 Physical activity: environ-ment Tobacco Risk Physical activity: environ-ment Tobacco Risk Physical activity: environ-ment
00:30 Cervical cancer screening
/Prostate
Cervical cancer screening
/Prostate
Cervical cancer screening
/Prostate
00:30
00:30 Emerging topics Emerging topics Emerging topics Emerging topics Emerging topics Emerging topics Emerging topics Emerging topics Emerging topics

CCS History

Prior to 2019, the CCS was administered every 5 years. The first CCS was administered in 1987 with subsequent surveys administered in 1992, 2000, 2005, 2010, and 2015. Additionally, a subset of cancer screening questions has been administered intermittently since 2000.

Last Updated: 16 May, 2019