Publication Abstract

Authors: Etzioni DA, Cannom RR, Madoff RD, Ault GT, Beart RW Jr

Title: Colorectal procedures: what proportion is performed by American board of colon and rectal surgery-certified surgeons?

Journal: Dis Colon Rectum 53(5):713-20

Date: 2010 May

Abstract: PURPOSE: The surgical workforce within the United States is moving rapidly toward increasing subspecialization. We hypothesized that over time an increasing proportion of colorectal procedures is performed by subspecialty-trained colorectal surgeons. METHODS: We used data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare program to examine the treatment of patients who underwent a colorectal surgical procedure between 1992 and 2002. We established whether the surgeon responsible for the patient's initial care was a board-certified colorectal surgeon based on a linkage with 2 overlapping data sources: 1) historical data from the American Board of Colon and Rectal Surgery and 2) the American Medical Association Physician Masterfile. RESULTS: We examined a total of 104,636 procedures; overall, 30.6% of anorectal procedures, 22.0% of proctectomies, 14.0% of ostomy-related procedures, and 11.5% of colectomies were performed by board-certified colorectal surgeons. Procedures in regions with lower population density or during urgent/emergent hospitalizations were more likely to be performed by a noncolorectal surgeon. Operations for cancer and those performed on an elective basis were more likely to be performed by a board-certified colorectal surgeon. Over time, the proportion of each of these types of cases performed by a colorectal surgeon increased. This increase was fastest for anorectal procedures. CONCLUSIONS: During the 11-year period of our study, there was a significant increase in the proportion of colorectal surgical procedures performed by board-certified colorectal surgeons.