Authors: Birkett RT, O'Donnell MMT, Epstein AJ, Saur NM, Bleier JIS, Paulson EC
Title: Elective colon resection without curative intent in stage IV colon cancer.
Journal: Surg Oncol 28:110-115
Date: 2019 Mar
PubMed ID: 30851883
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that elective primary colon resection (ePCR) in patients with asymptomatic colon tumors and unresectable metastases is not required and may expose patients to unnecessary operative risk. METHODS: Stage IV colon cancer patients with liver metastases from 2000 to 2011 were identified with SEER-Medicare data. Liver-based therapy or urgent/emergent colectomies were excluded. Chemotherapy alone was compared to ePCR ± chemotherapy. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify predictors of ePCR. Multivariate Cox regression compared survival. RESULTS: 5139 patients were identified. The ePCR rate decreased over time; 84% underwent ePCR in 2000, compared to 52% in 2011 (p < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, older patients were more likely to undergo ePCR, as were patients from rural areas (OR 1.65, p < 0.001). The odds of PCR in high poverty areas (>10%) were almost 25% higher than those in low poverty areas (OR 1.23, p = 0.03). African-Americana were less likely to undergo PCR than Caucasians (OR 0.76, p = 0.01). In multivariate survival analysis, PCR was associated with a significant survival benefit (HR 0.59, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Although ePCR is not recommended with unresectable metastases and the rate has decreased significantly, over 50% of patients with untreated hepatic metastases underwent ePCR in 2011. Disparities exist in use of ePCR that are likely multifactorial and deserve further study.