Authors: Dinan MA, Georgieva MV, Li Y, Zhang T, Harrison M, Shenolikar R, Scales CD Jr
Title: Real-world systemic therapy utilization in Medicare patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma diagnosed between 2008 and 2012.
Journal: J Geriatr Oncol 12(2):298-304
Date: 2021 Mar
PubMed ID: 32912737
Abstract: PURPOSE: Treatment of advanced urothelial carcinoma (UC) remains a challenging clinical entity occurring predominantly in older patients with limited treatment options. However, real-world treatment patterns, differential cancer center access, and association with outcomes is lacking in nationally representative clinical practice and will provide context for emerging therapies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used SEER-Medicare data to identify patients with locally advanced or metastatic UC of the bladder or upper urinary tract diagnosed between 2008 and 2012. We characterized utilization systemic therapy, including first- and second-line chemotherapy. Patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy were excluded; results were stratified by academic versus non-academic setting. RESULTS: 3569 patients met study criteria; 48% received some form of chemotherapy within 2 years of diagnosis. Of these, one-third subsequently received second-line chemotherapy. The majority received a regimen including ≥2 agents. Gemcitabine alone or in combination with platinum was the most common first- and second-line treatment. Similar patterns of first- and second-line chemotherapy were observed between patients treated in academic and non-academic centers. Sensitivity analyses of trial-similar patients demonstrated increased utilization (69%). Receipt of platinum doublet as 1st line therapy was less likely in older patients and those with renal disease, and more likely for grade IV disease. CONCLUSIONS: Roughly half of all Medicare patients with locally advanced/metastatic UC receive systemic therapy regardless of access to academic cancer centers and despite poor oncologic outcomes. Cytotoxic, gemcitabine-based doublet chemotherapy remains the most common treatment. A substantial population of older patients exists for whom alternative, non-cytotoxic, treatment options may be of benefit.