Authors: Forde GK, Tewari D
Title: Targeted Treatment of a Rare Vaginal Sarcoma With an Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase Inhibitor.
Journal: Obstet Gynecol 127(2):222-5
Date: 2016 Feb
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Anaplastic lymphoma kinase is a tyrosine kinase receptor that can become oncogenic. Crizotinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor that shows activity in patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase rearrangements that have failed conventional therapies. CASE: A 34-year-old woman presented with a painful 3-cm left vulvar-vaginal mass, which was excised and determined to be a sarcoma with positive surgical margins. Fluorescence in situ hybridization testing of her tumor was conducted and demonstrated anaplastic lymphoma kinase gene rearrangements. A 3-cm mass recurred 1 month later. Treatment with 250 mg crizotinib orally twice daily resulted in complete regression of all visible or palpable tumor within 3 weeks. CONCLUSION: Molecular evaluation techniques can be used to direct targeted therapy for select malignancies. Future technologic advances will expand the number of malignancies for which these treatment approaches can be used.
Last Updated: 02 Mar 2015