Publication Abstract

Authors: Greenwood-Hickman MA, Renz A, Rosenberg DE

Title: Motivators and Barriers to Reducing Sedentary Behavior Among Overweight and Obese Older Adults.

Journal: Gerontologist 56(4):660-8

Date: 2016 Aug

Abstract: PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To explore individual, social, environmental, and program-related motivators, barriers, and impacts of sedentary behavior (SB) reduction among a group of overweight and obese older adults aged 60 and older. DESIGN AND METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with 24 participants following a SB reduction intervention. Transcripts from these interviews were iteratively coded by a team, and key themes were defined and refined guided by the social-ecological framework. RESULTS: Motivators included the desire to improve health, newly acquired awareness of SB, the ease of incorporating SB reduction into current lifestyle, an adaptable environment, and the use of reminders. Barriers included existing health conditions, enjoyment of sedentary activities, unadaptable environments, fatigue, and difficulty understanding SB reduction as distinct from physical activity (PA). Participants reported impacts on physical and mental health and changes in awareness, exercise, and daily activity. IMPLICATIONS: Although in many ways motivators and barriers to reducing SB are similar to those of PA, SB interventions have special considerations and may ultimately be easier for some individuals to incorporate into their lifestyle.