Authors: Wang C, Raldow AC, Nickols NG, Nguyen PL, Spratt DE, Dess RT, Yu JB, King CR, Chu FI, Chamie K, Litwin MS, Saigal CS, Reiter RE, Liu ST, Rettig MB, Chang AJ, Steinberg ML, Kupelian PA, Kishan AU
Title: Underutilization of Androgen Deprivation Therapy with External Beam Radiotherapy in Men with High-grade Prostate Cancer.
Journal: Eur Urol Oncol :-
Date: 2019 Feb 01
PubMed ID: 31411981
Abstract: Multiple randomized trials have shown a survival benefit to long durations of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in patients with Gleason grade group (GG) 4-5 (ie, Gleason score 8-10) prostate cancer (PCa) undergoing definitive external beam radiotherapy (EBRT). We conducted a population-based retrospective study utilizing the complete Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare-linked database from 2008 to 2011, extracting PCa patients of non-Hispanic white (NHW) and African-American (AA) race diagnosed with GG 4-5PCa who received EBRT with or without concomitant ADT. Of 961 patients receiving definitive EBRT, 225 (23.4%) received no ADT, 297 (30.9%) received 1-6mo of ADT, 313 (32.6) received 7-23mo of ADT, and 126 (13.1%) received ≥24mo of ADT. On multinomial logistic regression after inverse probability treatment weighting to balance for differences in other covariates, AA men still had significantly lower odds of receiving 1-6mo of ADT versus no ADT compared with NHW men (odds ratios 0.519 [95% confidence interval, 0.384-0.700]). In conclusion, long-duration ADT is underutilized, with nearly 90% of patients with GG 4-5PCa receiving <24mo of concomitant ADT, and AA men are less likely to receive ADT than NHW men. PATIENT SUMMARY: In this report, we examined the utilization of concomitant androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) among men with high-grade prostate cancer undergoing definitive external beam radiotherapy. We found that long-duration ADT was underutilized overall; moreover, African-American men were less likely to receive concomitant ADT than non-Hispanic white men.