Authors: Rustgi SD, Amin S, Yang A, Kim MK, Nagula S, Kumta NA, DiMaio CJ, Boffetta P, Lucas AL
Title: Preoperative Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography Is Not Associated With Increased Pancreatic Cancer Mortality.
Journal: Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 17(8):1580-1586.e4
Date: 2019 Jul
PubMed ID: 30529734
Abstract: BACKGROUND & AIMS: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) before surgery for pancreatic cancer has been associated with infectious complications after surgery. Little is known about the effects of preoperative ERCP on the survival of patients with pancreatic cancer. We investigated whether ERCP before surgery affects overall survival, after controlling for confounding factors. METHODS: We used Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) and linked Medicare claims data to identify patients older than 65 years with cancer localized to the head of the pancreas, from 2000 through 2011. We used inverse propensity-weighted Cox proportional hazard models to assess the effects of ERCP on the survival of patients who underwent surgery for pancreatic cancer. RESULTS: Among 16,670 patients with cancer of the head of the pancreas, 2890 (17.3%) underwent surgical resection; 1864 (64.5%) of these patients received preoperative ERCP. After we adjusted for confounders, we found that patients who received preoperative ERCP did not have an increased risk of death compared with patients who underwent resection alone (hazard ratio, 1.02; 95% CI, 0.96-1.08). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with pancreatic cancer who underwent ERCP before surgery did not have an increased risk of death compared with patients who proceeded directly to surgery. Studies are needed to identify subsets of patients who may benefit from this procedure.