Authors: Cobran EK, Young HN, Chen RC, Chen X, Reeves J, Godley PA, Shah S
Title: Race and Time to Receipt of Androgen Deprivation Therapy Among Men With Metastatic Prostate Cancer.
Journal: J Natl Med Assoc 111(3):246-255
Date: 2019 Jun
PubMed ID: 30389146
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The Medicare Modernization Act (MMA) drastically reduced reimbursement for androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in 2005. One unintended consequence of the MMA may be an increase in the racial disparities in receipt of ADT. Given these policy changes, it becomes increasingly important to assess racial disparities in timely receipt of ADT. METHODS: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the associations between race and median time to receipt of ADT among men with metastatic prostate cancer before and after the passage of the MMA. A population-based retrospective cohort was created from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare. RESULTS: A total of 1,846 African-American and 9,462 Caucasian men diagnosed with metastatic prostate cancer from 2000 through 2011 were included. An accelerated failure time regression model was used to examine factors associated with racial differences in median time to receipt of ADT. Results indicate that African-American men had a longer median time to receipt of ADT both before the MMA (Time Ratio (TR): 1.15; 95% Confidence Interval (CI) [1.05, 1.27]) and after the MMA (TR: 1.29; 95% CI [1.10, 1.53]) as compared to Caucasian men. In addition to race, men residing in South had longer median time to receipt of ADT (TR: 1.26, 1.52; 95% CI [1.01, 1.52; 1.24, 1.87] before and after MMA, respectively) compared to the Northeast region. CONCLUSION: Considering the palliative benefits of ADT, it is important to develop effective strategies to address racial differences in receipt of treatment for metastatic prostate cancer.