Authors: Tuminello S, Liu B, Wolf A, Alpert N, Taioli E, Flores RM
Title: Comparison of In-Hospital and Long-term Outcomes of Sublobar Lung Cancer Surgery by VATS and Open Techniques.
Journal: Am J Clin Oncol 41(12):1149-1153
Date: 2018 Dec
PubMed ID: 29642076
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Sublobar resection is often used as an alternative surgical approach in lung cancer patients who are unlikely to tolerate a full lobe resection. This study aims to assess outcomes of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgeries (VATS) sublobar resection as a surgical technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The SEER-Medicare database was queried to identify patients with primary lung cancer who had VATS or open sublobar resection. Baseline clinical differences between VATS and open patients were adjusted for in logistic regression and by propensity score matching to investigate surgical outcomes. RESULTS: Patients undergoing VATS had a greater number of comorbidities (adjusted odds ratio [ORadj], 0.90; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.85-0.96) and were less likely to have later stage cancer (ORadj, 0.80; 95% CI, 0.67-0.95), squamous compared with adenocarcinoma (ORadj, 0.82; 95% CI, 0.68-0.99), large (>30 mm) tumor size (ORadj, 0.56; 95% CI, 0.0.41-0.75). VATS patients were less likely to have nodes removed for examination during surgery (ORadj, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.64-0.90). After propensity matching (n=2148), patients who underwent VATS were less likely to experience in-hospital complications, blood transfusions, and a prolonged length of hospital stay than those who had open surgery. There was no statistically significant difference in in-hospital or long-term mortality between patients with VATS and open surgery. CONCLUSION: In the most compromised lung cancer patients, VATS sublobar resection might be the best option.