Authors: Brisbane WG, Holt SK, Winters BR, Gore JL, Walsh TJ, Wright JL, Schade GR
Title: Nonmuscle Invasive Bladder Cancer Influences Physical Health Related Quality of Life and Urinary Incontinence.
Journal: Urology 125:146-153
Date: 2019 Mar
PubMed ID: 30552938
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and urinary function within patients diagnosed with NMIBC as compared to the general population. METHODS: Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare Health Outcome Survey (SEER-MHOS) database (1998-2013), 325 patients diagnosed with NMIBC with baseline and postdiagnosis MHOS surveys were propensity-matched 1:5 to noncancer controls (NCC). Multivariate linear regression analysis compared NMIBC patients with matched NCC in terms of physical component summary (PCS), mental component summary (MCS), and health domain scales. Changes in urinary function were assessed using χ2 testing. RESULTS: Patients diagnosed with NMIBC experienced significant decline in PCS vs NCC (-3.0, 95% confidence interval [CI -4.1, -2.0] vs -1.5, 95%CI [-2.0, -1.0], P = .01), while the observed decline in MCS was not significantly different (P = .09) between groups. On sub-analysis, the significant decline in PCS was confined to patients with high-risk NMIBC (P = .01). NMIBC patients had significantly greater decline in role physical (P = .04), general health (P = .04) and role emotional (P <0.01) health domain scales. NMIBC patients were more likely to report worsened urinary leakage, require physician intervention, and receive new treatment for urinary leakage (P values all <.01). CONCLUSION: NMIBC diagnosis was associated with significant decreases in physical HRQOL and urinary function compared with NCC. Further study focused on NMIBC patients, and the inherent HRQOL factors to this diagnosis is needed to assess where improvements can be made in treating this patient population.