Publication Abstract

Authors: Hardikar S, Burnett-Hartman AN, Chubak J, Upton MP, Zhu LC, Potter JD, Newcomb PA

Title: Reproductive factors and risk of colorectal polyps in a colonoscopy-based study in western Washington State.

Journal: Cancer Causes Control 28(3):241-246

Date: 2017 Mar

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Oral contraceptives (OC) are associated with a decreased risk of colorectal cancers; however, a recent study reported an increased risk of small colorectal adenomas associated with OC use. To determine if these results were replicable in a different study population, we investigated the relationship between OC use and other reproductive factors and risk of colorectal polyps in a case-control study in western Washington. METHODS: Study participants were 24-79-year-old female enrollees at an integrated health care system in western Washington who were diagnosed as having adenomas (n = 299), serrated polyps (n = 337), both types of polyps (n = 105) or as polyp-free controls (n = 615) through an index colonoscopy and completed a structured interview to collect reproductive history information. Multivariable polytomous logistic regression was used to compare case groups to controls and to each other; odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals were estimated. RESULTS: There was no association between OC use, duration of use, or recency of use and the risk of either adenomas or serrated polyps [adjusted OR for OC ever use (95% CI) 0.85 (0.58-1.23) and 0.96 (0.66-1.40), respectively], and associations did not differ by lesion severity within the adenoma or serrated pathways. Further, no associations were observed between other reproductive factors and risk of colorectal polyp subtypes. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that reproductive factors, including OC use, are not associated with early colorectal cancer precursor lesions.