Authors: Auffenberg GB, Curry M, Gennarelli R, Blum KA, Elkin E, Russo P
Title: Comparison of Cancer Specific Outcomes following Minimally Invasive and Open Surgical Resection of Early Stage Kidney Cancer from a National Cancer Registry.
Journal: J Urol 203(6):1094-1100
Date: 2020 Jun
PubMed ID: 31913076
Abstract: PURPOSE: With anecdotal observations of atypical recurrences following minimally invasive surgery and alongside new concerns following cervical cancer surgery, there is a need to evaluate cancer specific outcomes for minimally invasive kidney cancer surgery using national data. We evaluated cancer specific outcomes following minimally invasive surgery vs open surgery for early stage kidney cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective population based cohort study using data from the SEER (Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results) program linked with Medicare claims that included beneficiaries at least 66 years old diagnosed between 2004 and 2013 with early stage, nonurothelial kidney cancer who underwent surgical resection within a year of diagnosis. We compared overall survival, disease specific survival, rate of second kidney cancer surgery and rate of postoperative systemic cancer therapy based on whether surgery was minimally invasive surgery or an open resection. Multivariable regression was used to account for confounders. RESULTS: A total of 5,150 patients were included in analysis and 3,062 (59.5%) underwent minimally invasive surgery. On multivariable analysis minimally invasive surgery was not associated with differences in overall survival (HR 0.94, 95% CI 0.84-1.06) or disease specific survival (HR 0.96, 95% CI 0.83-1.11). Patients treated with minimally invasive surgery were more likely to receive systemic cancer therapy (HR 1.31, 95% CI 1.09-1.59). No difference in the rate of second surgery associated with surgical approach was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Use of minimally invasive surgery for early stage kidney cancer was not associated with differences in overall or disease specific survival, or the rate of second kidney cancer surgery. Patients treated with minimally invasive surgery received more postoperative systemic therapy, which could represent a disparate cancer specific outcome associated with minimally invasive surgery.