Publication Abstract

Authors: Hershman DL, Wright JD, Lim E, Buono DL, Tsai WY, Neugut AI

Title: Contraindicated use of bevacizumab and toxicity in elderly patients with cancer.

Journal: J Clin Oncol 31(28):3592-9

Date: 2013 Oct 01

Abstract: PURPOSE: Drugs are approved on the basis of randomized trials conducted in selected populations. However, once approved, these treatments are usually expanded to patients ineligible for the trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used the SEER-Medicare database to identify subjects older than 65 years with metastatic breast, lung, and colon cancer, diagnosed between 2004 and 2007 and undergoing follow-up to 2009, who received bevacizumab. We defined a contraindication as having at least two billing claims before bevacizumab for thrombosis, cardiac disease, stroke, hemorrhage, hemoptysis, or GI perforation. We defined toxicity as first development of one of these conditions after therapy. RESULTS: Among 16,085 metastatic patients identified, 3,039 (18.9%) received bevacizumab. Receipt of bevacizumab was associated with white race, later year of diagnosis, tumor type, and decreased comorbid conditions. Of patients who received bevacizumab, 1,082 (35.5%) had a contraindication. In multivariate analysis, receipt of bevacizumab with a contraindication was associated with black race (odds ratio [OR] = 2.6; 95% CI, 1.4 to 4.9), increased age, comorbidity, later year of diagnosis, and lower socioeconomic status. Patients with lung (OR = 1.7; 95% CI, 1.1 to 2.4) and colon cancer (OR = 1.4; 95% CI, 1.1 to 1.9) were more likely to have a contraindication. In the group with no contraindication, 30% had a complication after bevacizumab; black patients were more likely to have a complication than were white patients (OR = 1.9; 95% CI, 1.21 to 2.93). CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates widespread use of bevacizumab among patients who had contraindications. Black patients were less likely to receive the drug, but those who did were more likely to have a contraindication. Efforts to understand toxicity and efficacy in populations excluded from clinical trials are needed.