Publication Abstract

Authors: Jayasekera J, Onukwugha E, Bikov K, Hussain A

Title: Racial variation in the clinical and economic burden of skeletal-related events among elderly men with stage IV metastatic prostate cancer.

Journal: Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res 15(3):471-85

Date: 2015 Jun

Abstract: Prostate cancer (PCa) outcomes vary widely among African American (AA) and non-Hispanic White (NHW) men. The authors investigated racial variation in the incidence of skeletal-related events (SREs) and SRE-related healthcare costs among AA and NHW men, a topic that has received limited attention in the literature. AA and NHW men diagnosed with metastatic PCa were identified from the linked Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results-Medicare dataset. The sample included 6455 men with metastatic PCa, including 5420 NHW men and 1035 AA men. Approximately 16% experienced SREs during follow-up. AA men were less likely to experience SREs compared with NHW men, controlling for individual characteristics (adjusted odds ratio: 0.79; 95% CI: 0.66- 0.94). The SRE-specific costs were US$35,725 (US$22,190-US$49,260) among AA men and US$25,896 (US$21,669-US$30,123) among NHW men. Although AA men were less likely to experience SREs, there were substantial costs attributable to the treatment of SREs among AA men.