Authors: Davidoff AJ, Hu X, Bewersdorf JP, Wang R, Podoltsev NA, Huntington SF, Gore SD, Ma X, Zeidan AM
Title: Hypomethylating agent (HMA) therapy use and survival in older adults with Refractory Anemia with Excess Blasts (RAEB) in the United States (USA): a large propensity score-matched population-based study†.
Journal: Leuk Lymphoma 61(5):1178-1187
Date: 2020 May
PubMed ID: 31878809
Abstract: Hypomethylating agents (HMA) showed overall survival (OS) benefits in patients with higher-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (HR-MDS) in clinical trials. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare data of patients ≥66 years diagnosed with refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB), a proxy for HR-MDS, in 01/2001-04/2004 (pre-period) or 01/2006-12/2011 (post-period). Association between post-period diagnosis and OS was examined using propensity scores (PS)-matched samples. Among 1876 RAEB patients, median OS was 9 months and 30.8% received HMAs (3.6% in pre-period; 43.0% in post-period) with no association between post-period diagnosis and OS. In the top PS quartile, post-period diagnosis was associated with a 74% lower risk of death (Hazard ratio [HR] = 0.26, 95%-CI: 0.10-0.69, p = 0.007), while outcomes were worse in the lowest PS quartile (HR = 2.80, 95%-CI: 1.06-7.36, p = 0.037). HMA lead to a 3-month OS benefit for patients most likely to receive HMA but not for unselected RAEB cohort.