Authors: Meyer LA, He W, Sun CC, Zhao H, Wright AA, Suidan RS, Dottino J, Alejandro Rauh-Hain J, Lu KH, Giordano SH
Title: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy in elderly women with ovarian cancer: Rates of use and effectiveness.
Journal: Gynecol Oncol 150(3):451-459
Date: 2018 Sep
PubMed ID: 29961559
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) may reduce perioperative morbidity in women undergoing primary treatment for ovarian cancer. We evaluated patterns of use and outcomes in a population-based cohort of elderly women with ovarian cancer (OC). METHODS: A cohort of patients ≥66 years old diagnosed between 2000 and 2013 with stage III-IV epithelial OC who received surgery and platinum/taxane chemotherapy for primary treatment was identified from the SEER-Medicare database. Propensity-score matching methods were used to examine differences in outcomes. Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed to compare overall survival (OS) in the matched cohort. RESULTS: From 2000 to 2013, 22.5% of older women received NACT. The use of NACT increased over time from 16% in 2000 to 35.4% in 2013 (p < .0001). Among women who received PCS, the rate of ostomy creation was higher compared with NACT (23.3% vs. 10.8%, p < .0001). Infectious and other surgical complications were higher among those who had PCS, regardless of stage. Median OS of women III ovarian cancer who underwent PCS was longer compared with NACT (38.8 vs. 28 months, p ≤ .0001). There were no survival differences between NACT and PCS in women with stage IV disease (29.4 vs. 29.8 months, p = .61) or for women aged >80. CONCLUSION: Careful consideration should be given to older patients prior to undergoing PCS. Survival outcomes were similar for patients with stage IV disease, although NACT was associated with decreased perioperative morbidity compared with PCS. Among women with stage III disease, PCS was associated with improved overall survival, but higher rates of perioperative morbidity and acute care.