Publication Abstract

Authors: Bandera EV, Lee VS, Rodriguez-Rodriguez L, Powell CB, Kushi LH

Title: Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Ovarian Cancer Treatment and Survival.

Journal: Clin Cancer Res 22(23):5909-5914

Date: 2016 Dec 01

Abstract: PURPOSE: Among patients with ovarian cancer, African American (AA) women experience poorer survival compared with other race/ethnicity groups. This has been attributed to differences in access to health care. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We evaluated racial/ethnic differences in chemotherapy dosing and survival in a cohort study among members of Kaiser Permanente Northern California, and thus with equivalent access to health care. Analyses included epithelial-invasive ovarian cancer cases (n = 793) receiving adjuvant first-line therapy of carboplatin and paclitaxel with curative intent, with median follow-up of 50 months. Relative dose intensity (RDI) was computed for carboplatin and paclitaxel separately as dose administered per week divided by expected dose per week, and average RDI (ARDI) was then calculated for the regimen. Proportional hazards regression was used to calculate HRs and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) after adjusting for relevant covariates. RESULTS: Compared with whites, AAs were more likely to have dose reduction (ARDI < 85%), treatment delay, and early discontinuation. Hispanics were also more likely to have dose reduction, but less likely to have early discontinuation or treatment delay. After controlling for prognostic factors including ARDI, AA women had the worst survival. Compared with whites, adjusted HRs (95% CI) for overall mortality were 1.56 (1.01-2.39) for AAs; 0.89 (0.61-1.31) for Asians; and 1.41 (0.98-2.04) for Hispanics. Findings for ovarian cancer-specific mortality were similar. CONCLUSIONS: Disparities in ovarian cancer treatment and survival in AA persisted among women with equal access to care. These findings warrant further evaluation of biological, personal, and social factors that may be responsible for these differences. Clin Cancer Res; 22(23); 5909-14. 2016 AACR.