Publication Abstract

Authors: Nguyen C, Lairson DR, Swartz MD, Du XL

Title: Cost-Effectiveness of Adding Androgen Deprivation Therapy to Radiation Therapy for Men with Advanced Prostate Cancer from a U.S. Payer's Perspective.

Journal: J Manag Care Spec Pharm 25(2):225-234

Date: 2019 Feb

PubMed ID: 30698095External Web Site Policy

Abstract: BACKGROUND: No study has investigated the cost and effectiveness of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) and other curative treatment therapies among the Medicare population, and no study has taken into consideration the long-term side effects associated with ADT. OBJECTIVE: To examine if adding ADT was cost-effective when accounting for ADT-related long-term side effects in men with prostate cancer. METHODS: For this cost-utility analysis, we used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare linked database to estimate and compare patient survival, costs from a health payer's perspective, and cost-effectiveness of 3 treatment modalities for advanced prostate cancer patients, including radiation therapy, radiation plus ADT, and active surveillance. We also estimated quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) by assigning appropriate health state utility values obtained from the literature for each phase of care and for long-term side effects. Propensity score matching was used to control for bias and confounding that were inherent to the observational study design. RESULTS: Adding ADT to radiation therapy increased median patient survival by 0.71 years. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) for radiation plus ADT versus radiation alone was $63,049 and $295,995 per mean life-year gained for radiation compared with active surveillance, respectively. Treatment-associated adverse side effects substantially reduced QALYs gained. Compared with radiation only, the incremental cost of radiation plus ADT was $127,900 per mean QALY and was nearly 80% cost-effective at a willingness-to-pay threshold of $210,000 per QALY. CONCLUSIONS: Despite ADT-associated costs and long-term side effects, compared with radiation alone, radiation plus ADT was cost-effective at $127,900 per QALY. DISCLOSURES: This research was supported in part by the Cancer Prevention Research Institute of Texas (grant nos. RP130051 and RP170668). The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.

Last Updated: 16 May, 2019