Publication Abstract

Authors: Chen Y, Lairson DR, Chan W, Du XL

Title: Risk of adverse events associated with front-line anti-myeloma treatment in Medicare patients with multiple myeloma.

Journal: Ann Hematol 97(5):851-863

Date: 2018 May

PubMed ID: 29333596External Web Site Policy

Abstract: This study aims to examine the risks of adverse events associated with anti-multiple myeloma (MM) therapies in a large population-based cohort of elderly patients with MM. Patients diagnosed with advanced MM from 2005 through 2009 and receiving anti-MM therapy were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare-linked data. We compared safety outcomes between novel agents (proteasome inhibitor (PI) and immunomodulatory drugs (IMiD)) and other therapies and between PI- or IMiD-based regimens and PI plus IMiD combination regimens. Of 2587 patients with advanced MM, 2048 (79%) received novel agents and 539 (21%) received other therapies. Patients with preexisting anemia and thrombocytopenia were significantly more likely to receive novel agents (85.9 vs. 82.4%, P = 0.038; 13.8 vs. 10.4%, P = 0.036), while those with preexisting cardiovascular disease and hypertension were significantly less likely to receive novel agents (73.4 vs. 79.8%, P = 0.003; 81.3 vs. 85.2%, P = 0.035). The hazard ratios for anemia, peripheral neuropathy, and thromboembolic events for patients receiving novel agents compared with those receiving other therapies were 1.19 (95% CI, 1.06-1.32), 1.57 (95% CI, 1.15-2.15), and 1.31 (95% CI, 1.03-1.67). The hazard ratios for anemia, neutropenia, and thromboembolic events for patients receiving PI plus IMiD combination therapies compared with those receiving PI- or IMiD-based therapies were 1.31 (95% CI, 1.12-1.54), 1.66 (95% CI, 1.27-2.18, and 1.37 (95% CI, 1.02-1.86). Novel agents significantly increased the risk of anemia, peripheral neuropathy, and thromboembolic events. PI plus IMiD combination therapies were associated with significantly higher risk for anemia, neutropenia, and thromboembolic events.

Last Updated: 16 May, 2019