Publication Abstract

Authors: Odejide OO, Cronin AM, Earle CC, LaCasce AS, Abel GA

Title: Hospice Use Among Patients With Lymphoma: Impact of Disease Aggressiveness and Curability.

Journal: J Natl Cancer Inst 108(1):-

Date: 2016 Jan

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Little is known about factors that influence hospice use for patients with blood cancers. We aimed to characterize hospice enrollment in a large population of patients with B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and assess the impact of disease characteristics such as aggressiveness and curability. METHODS: Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare database, we identified patients age 65 years and older who were diagnosed with indolent NHL, aggressive NHL, or mantle cell lymphoma (MCL, which is aggressive and incurable) and died between 1999 and 2009. We determined the prevalence of hospice use and predictors thereof, using multivariable logistic regression. All statistical tests were two-sided. RESULTS: Of 18 777 patients, 9645 had indolent NHL, 8226 had aggressive NHL, and 906 had MCL. Of the total cohort, 41.6% enrolled in hospice, and 34.3% enrolled three or more days before death. Compared with patients with indolent NHL, those with MCL were more likely to enroll (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 1.72, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.49 to 1.98), followed by patients with aggressive NHL (AOR = 1.41, 95% CI = 1.32 to 1.50). Other factors statistically significantly associated with hospice use included older age, female sex, white race, high socioeconomic status, and later year of death. CONCLUSIONS: In this large cohort of patients with lymphoma, hospice use was substantially lower than the national average for all cancers, suggesting either the need for improvement in enrollment or that the current hospice model is not meeting this population's end-of-life needs. Moreover, the fact that patients with MCL were most likely to enroll suggests that the end-of-life phase may be more easily determined in the context of cancers that are both aggressive and incurable.