Publication Abstract

Authors: Raine-Bennett T, Tucker LY, Zaritsky E, Littell RD, Palen T, Neugebauer R, Axtell A, Schultze PM, Kronbach DW, Embry-Schubert J, Sundang A, Bischoff K, Compton-Phillips AL, Lentz SE

Title: Occult Uterine Sarcoma and Leiomyosarcoma: Incidence of and Survival Associated With Morcellation.

Journal: Obstet Gynecol 127(1):29-39

Date: 2016 Jan

Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence of occult uterine sarcoma and leiomyosarcoma in hysterectomies for leiomyomas and the risk associated with their morcellation. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cohort study. All uterine sarcomas from 2006-2013 in an integrated health care system were identified. Age- and race-specific incidences of occult uterine sarcoma were calculated. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed. Crude and adjusted risk ratios of recurrence and death associated with morcellation at 1, 2, and 3 years were estimated using Poisson regression with inverse probability weighting. RESULTS: There were 125 hysterectomies with occult uterine sarcomas identified among 34,728 hysterectomies performed for leiomyomas. The incidence of occult uterine sarcoma and leiomyosarcoma was 1 of 278 or 3.60 (95% confidence interval [CI] 2.97-4.23) and 1 of 429 or 2.33 (95% CI 1.83-2.84) per 1,000 hysterectomies. For stage I leiomyosarcoma (n=111), eight (7.2%) were power and 27 (24.3%) nonpower-morcellated. The unadjusted 3-year probability of disease-free survival for no morcellation, power and nonpower morcellation was 0.54, 0.19, and 0.51, respectively (P=.15); overall survival was 0.64, 0.75, and 0.68, respectively (P=.97). None of the adjusted risk ratios for recurrence or death were significant except for death at 1 year for power and nonpower morcellation groups combined (6/33) compared with no morcellation (4/76) (5.12, 95% CI 1.33-19.76, P=.02). We had inadequate power to infer differences for all other comparisons including 3-year survival and power morcellation. CONCLUSION: Morcellation is associated with decreased early survival of women with occult leiomyosarcomas. We could not accurately assess associations between power morcellation and 3-year survival as a result of small numbers.