Authors: Burnett-Hartman AN, Adams SV, Bansal A, McDougall JA, Cohen SA, Karnopp A, Warren-Mears V, Ramsey SD
Title: Indian Health Service Care System and Cancer Stage in American Indians and Alaska Natives.
Journal: J Health Care Poor Underserved 29(1):245-252
PubMed ID: 29503298
Abstract: PURPOSE: We aimed to determine whether the association between late-stage cancer and American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) race differed by enrollment in the Indian Health Service Care System (IHSCS). METHODS: We used Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) data linked to Medicare files to compare the odds of late-stage breast, colorectal, lung, or prostate cancer between non-Hispanic Whites (NHWs) (n=285,993) and AI/ANs with (n=581) and without (n=543) IHSCS enrollment. RESULTS: For AI/ANs without IHSCS enrollment, the odds of late-stage disease were higher in AI/ANs compared with NHWs for breast (OR=3.17, 95%CI: 1.82-5.53) and for prostate (OR=2.59, 95%CI:1.55-4.32) cancer, but not for colorectal or lung cancers. Among AI/ANs with IHSCS enrollment, there was not a significant association between late-stage disease and AI/AN race for any of the four cancers evaluated. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that enrollment in the IHSCS reduced the disparity between AI/ANs and NHWs with respect to late-stage cancer diagnoses.