Publication Abstract

Authors: Menes TS, Rosenberg R, Balch S, Jaffer S, Kerlikowske K, Miglioretti DL

Title: Upgrade of high-risk breast lesions detected on mammography in the Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium.

Journal: Am J Surg 207(1):24-31

Date: 2014 Jan

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Upgrade rates of high-risk breast lesions after screening mammography were examined. METHODS: The Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium registry was used to identify all Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System category 4 assessments followed by needle biopsies with high-risk lesions. Follow-up was performed for all women. RESULTS: High-risk lesions were found in 957 needle biopsies, with excision documented in 53%. Most (n = 685) were atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH), 173 were lobular neoplasia, and 99 were papillary lesions. Upgrade to cancer varied with type of lesion (18% in ADH, 10% in lobular neoplasia, and 2% in papillary lesions). In premenopausal women with ADH, upgrade was associated with family history. Cancers associated with ADH were mostly (82%) ductal carcinoma in situ, and those associated with lobular neoplasia were mostly (56%) invasive. During a further 2 years of follow-up, cancer was documented in 1% of women with follow-up surgery and in 3% with no surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Despite low rates of surgery, low rates of cancer were documented during follow-up. Benign papillary lesions diagnosed on Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System category 4 mammograms among asymptomatic women do not justify surgical excision.