Authors: Beadle BM, Liao KP, Chambers MS, Elting LS, Buchholz TA, Kian Ang K, Garden AS, Guadagnolo BA
Title: Evaluating the impact of patient, tumor, and treatment characteristics on the development of jaw complications in patients treated for oral cancers: a SEER-Medicare analysis.
Journal: Head Neck 35(11):1599-605
Date: 2013 Nov
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Jaw complications, including osteoradionecrosis, are significant sequelae of radiation therapy (RT) for oral cancers. This study identifies the impact of patient, tumor, and treatment characteristics on the development of jaw complications in patients treated with RT. METHODS: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare database was used to identify patients treated with RT for oral cancers from 1999 to 2007. Jaw complications were identified by International Classification of Diseases 9th revision (ICD-9) diagnosis codes and/or related procedures using Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) and ICD-9 codes. RESULTS: A total of 1848 patients were identified. With a median follow-up of 2.5 years, 297 patients (16.1%) developed jaw complications: 226 patients had a diagnosis, 41 patients had a procedure, and 30 patients had both. On multivariate analysis, female sex, lack of chemotherapy use, and fewer comorbidities were associated with a statistically significant increase in jaw complications. CONCLUSIONS: Even with modern techniques, jaw complications are a notable and potentially devastating side effect of RT for oral cancers.
Last Updated: 02 Mar 2015