Publication Abstract

Authors: Belcher BR, Berrigan D, Dodd KW, Emken BA, Chou CP, Spruijt-Metz D

Title: Physical activity in US youth: effect of race/ethnicity, age, gender, and weight status.

Journal: Med Sci Sports Exerc 42(12):2211-21

Date: 2010 Dec

Abstract: PURPOSE: To describe physical activity (PA) levels by race/ethnicity, age, gender, and weight status in a representative sample of US youth. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the 2003-2004 and 2005-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were combined and analyzed. Youth aged 6-19 yr with at least four 10-h days of PA measured by accelerometry were included (n = 3106). Outcomes included mean counts per minute and minutes spent in moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA). RESULTS: Among the groups, the 6- to 11-yr-olds spent more time (88 minĚd) in MVPA than the 12- to 15-yr-olds (33 minĚd) and 16- to 19-yr-olds (26 minĚd; P < 0.001 for both). Females spent fewer minutes per day in MVPA than males (P < 0.001). Overall, obese youth spent 16 fewer minutes per day in MVPA than normal-weight youth. However, non-Hispanic white males spent three to four fewer minutes per day in vigorous PA than Mexican American (MA; P = 0.004) and non-Hispanic black (P < 0.001) males but had lower obesity rates and obese 12- to 15-yr-old MA recorded similar minutes in MVPA per day as normal-weight MA (P > 0.050). There was a significant three-way age-body mass index-race/ethnicity interaction for mean minutes per day in MVPA (P < 0.001). Adjustment for total energy intake did not qualitatively alter these results. CONCLUSIONS: Females and older youth were the least active groups. Obese youth were generally less active, but this did not hold uniformly across race/ethnic groups. Cultural or biological factors could moderate the association between PA and obesity in youth.