Publication Abstract

Authors: Radimer KL, Ballard-Barbash R, Miller JS, Fay MP, Schatzkin A, Troiano R, Kreger BE, Splansky GL

Title: Weight change and the risk of late-onset breast cancer in the original Framingham cohort.

Journal: Nutr Cancer 49(1):7-13

Date: 2004

Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Adult weight gain has been associated with a twofold risk of postmenopausal breast cancer. Data are limited regarding whether weight gain at specific periods of marked changes in estrogen- and insulin-related hormones have different risk associations. This study assesses the relation of adult weight change overall and at specific, hormonally relevant times with diagnosis of a first breast cancer after age 55 (late onset). METHODS: Framingham study data were used to assess premenopausal (25-44 yr), perimenopausal (45-55 yr), postmenopausal (after 55 yr), and adult lifetime (from 25 yr) weight change in relation to late-onset breast cancer in 2,873 women followed for up to 48 yr, with 206 late-onset breast cancers. RESULTS: Adult lifetime weight gain was associated with an increased risk of late-onset breast cancer (P trend = 0.046). Weight gain during specific time periods was not associated with breast cancer. Data suggested a possible decreased risk of breast cancer with weight loss from ages 25 to 44 and 45 to 55 yr (relative risk = 0.4 [0.2-1.2] and 0.5 [0.3-0.9], respectively). CONCLUSION: These data confirm prior reports of an association between adult lifetime weight gain and increased risk of late-onset breast cancer and support current recommendations to avoid adult weight gain.