Publication Abstract

Authors: Tien YY, Link BK, Brooks JM, Wright K, Chrischilles E

Title: Treatment of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in the elderly: regimens without anthracyclines are common and not futile.

Journal: Leuk Lymphoma 56(1):65-71

Date: 2015 Jan

Abstract: Anthracycline-containing regimens (ACRs) are recommended for patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). However, over 40% of elderly patients do not receive ACRs, possibly due to expected toxicities. We characterized treatment choices and compared the 3-year overall survival (OS) rates of 8262 Medicare beneficiaries diagnosed with DLBCL in 2000-2006 identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare linked database. Of the cohort, 45% had ACR with rituximab (ACR-R), 13% had ACR without R, 6% had non-ACR with R (non-ACR-R), 4% had R monotherapy, 3% had non-ACR and 29% had no systemic therapy. Patients not receiving ACR were older and/or had more comorbidities. The unadjusted OS was highest in ACR-R (65%), followed by ACR without R (55%) and non-ACR-R (44%). After adjusting patient covariates, ACR-R showed the best survival (63%). However, OS was comparable between non-ACR-R (52%) and ACR without R (52%). Non-ACR-R could be considered for patients who are poor candidates for ACR.