Publication Abstract

Authors: Rosenbaum WL, Sterling TD, Weinkam JJ

Title: Linear extrapolation models of lung cancer risk associated with exposure to environmental tobacco smoke.

Journal: Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 28(2):106-14

Date: 1998 Oct

Abstract: This paper presents a model to estimate the number of lung cancer deaths due to ETS exposure among the 1992 U.S. never-smoking population, based on downward linear extrapolation from the estimated risks of active smokers. The model uses several recently available data sources including an extensive review of the published literature on indoor concentration of ETS constituents measured under real-world conditions and data from the National Mortality Followback Survey and the National Health Interview Survey which furnish nationally representative estimates of the distribution of the U.S. population and the persons who died from lung cancer by sex, age, and smoking status. The linear extrapolation model estimates that five male and six female excess lung cancer deaths due to ETS exposure would be expected in the 1992 U.S. population of over 52 million never smokers age 35 and over. Explanations for differences between the results of our downward extrapolation model and those of others are presented.