Publication Abstract

Authors: Wright JD, Tergas AI, Hou JY, Burke WM, Huang Y, Hu JC, Hillyer GC, Ananth CV, Neugut AI, Hershman DL

Title: Trends in Periodic Surveillance Testing for Early-Stage Uterine Cancer Survivors.

Journal: Obstet Gynecol 127(3):449-58

Date: 2016 Mar

Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To examine the use of periodic surveillance testing for early-stage endometrial cancer survivors. METHODS: We performed a population-based analysis using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare database, which was used to identify patients with stage I-II endometrioid endometrial cancer treated from 1992 to 2011. Three surveillance periods (7-18, 19-30, 31-42 months) after hysterectomy were examined. Use of vaginal cytology and imaging were quantified. RESULTS: We identified 17,638 patients. From 1992 to 2011, the use of chest radiography decreased (46.3-34.2%) during the first surveillance period, whereas imaging with chest computed tomography (CT) (0.9-12.6%), abdominopelvic CT (11.7-24.8%), and positron emission tomography (0-2.9%) increased (P<.001 for all). The use of cytology increased from 68.5% in 1992 to 72.3% in 2007 and then decreased to 66.9% in 2011 (P=.02). The mean number of cytologic samples obtained per patient increased from 1.3 in 1992 to 1.6 in 2008 and then declined to 1.3 in 2011, whereas the mean per patient number of chest CTs (0.02-0.2), abdominopelvic CTs (0.2-0.4), and positron emission tomographies (0-0.03) rose from 1992 to 2011. In 2011, 49.3% underwent radiologic surveillance 7-18 months after diagnosis, whereas 11.9% underwent two or more radiologic assessments in combination with cytology. These findings were similar for surveillance periods 2 and 3. CONCLUSION: The use of chest radiography has decreased and use of cytology has started to decline. However, the use of more costly imaging modalities is increasing despite a lack of evidence for the efficacy of these tests for early-stage endometrial cancer survivors.