Publication Abstract

Authors: Bianchi M, Becker A, Abdollah F, Trinh QD, Hansen J, Tian Z, Shariat SF, Perrotte P, Karakiewicz PI, Sun M

Title: Rates of open versus laparoscopic and partial versus radical nephrectomy for T1a renal cell carcinoma: a population-based evaluation.

Journal: Int J Urol 20(11):1064-71

Date: 2013 Nov

Abstract: OBJECTIVES: To examine the trends of open and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy and radical nephrectomy according to sociodemographic and tumor characteristics. METHODS: Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Medicare-linked database, 6024 patients diagnosed with T1a renal cell carcinoma were abstracted. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were used for prediction of open radical nephrectomy, open partial nephrectomy, laparoscopic radical nephrectomy and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. Covariates comprised of patient age, baseline comorbidity status, sex, race, marital status, socioeconomic status, population density, Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results registry, tumor size, and year of diagnosis. RESULTS: Open radical nephrectomy decreased from 89% in 1988 to 66% in 2005 (P < 0.001), whereas open partial nephrectomy increased from 7% to 29% (P < 0.001). Meanwhile, utilization of either laparoscopic radical nephrectomy or laparoscopic partial nephrectomy remained low. Treatment utilization differed according to Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registries (P < 0.001). Increasing patient age, female sex, low socioeconomic status and unmarried status (all P ≤ 0.003) were predictors of open radical nephrectomy. The utilization rates of laparoscopic radical nephrectomy or laparoscopic partial nephrectomy varied minimally according to the examined characteristics. Older patients or women were significantly more likely to undergo laparoscopic radical nephrectomy, even after adjustment for all covariates (both P ≤ 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: The rising utilization rates of radical nephrectomy are encouraging. Nevertheless, disparities of treatment type still exist. It is of concern that older and female patients are less likely to undergo nephron-sparing surgery, and to have a radical nephrectomy by the laparoscopic approach instead.