Publication Abstract

Authors: Shavers VL, Lawrence D, Fagan P, Gibson JT

Title: Racial/ethnic variation in cigarette smoking among the civilian US population by occupation and industry, TUS-CPS 1998-1999.

Journal: Prev Med 41(2):597-606

Date: 2005 Aug

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Although observational research studies have shown variance in the prevalence of smoking among occupations and industries, few have examined the role of race/ethnicity. This study examined racial/ethnic variation in the prevalence of current smoking and cigarette consumption patterns by occupation, industry and workplace smoking policy. METHODS: Data were examined for 9095 African American (AA), 1025 American Indian/Alaska Native, 3463 Asian/Pacific Islander (AAPI), 8428 Hispanic, and 86,676 white participants in the 1998-1999 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey. Race-stratified multivariate logistic regression analyses, Chi-square tests, and ANOVA were used to examine the association between the covariates and smoking prevalence and cigarette consumption patterns. RESULTS: Current smoking prevalence ranged from a high of 35.1% for AI/AN to 15.2% for AAPI. Occupation was not significantly associated with current smoking for Hispanics, AI/ANs, and AAPIs while neither occupation nor industry was associated with current smoking among African Americans after adjustment for gender, age group, education, income, or workplace smoking policies. DISCUSSION: These data confirm results of previous studies that show occupation and industry variation in smoking prevalence and also highlight the importance of examining racial/ethnicity as a covariate in studies of smoking prevalence.