Publication Abstract

Authors: Bradley CJ, Yabroff KR, Mariotto AB, Zeruto C, Tran Q, Warren JL

Title: Antineoplastic Treatment of Advanced-Stage Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer: Treatment, Survival, and Spending (2000 to 2011).

Journal: J Clin Oncol :JCO2016694166-

Date: 2017 Jan 03

Abstract: Purpose Multiple agents for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have been approved in the past decade, but little is known about their use and associated spending and survival. Methods We used SEER-Medicare data for elderly patients with a new diagnosis of advanced-stage NSCLC and were treated with antineoplastic agents between 2000 and 2011 (N = 22,163). We estimated the adjusted percentage of patients who received each agent, days while on treatment, survival, and spending in the 12 months after diagnosis. Results During the 12-year study period, a marked shift in treatment occurred along with a rapid adoption of pemetrexed (39.2%), erlotinib (20.3%), and bevacizumab (18.9%) and a decline in paclitaxel (38.7%), gemcitabine (17.0%), and vinorelbine (5.7%; all P < .05). The average total days on therapy increased by 5 days (from 103 to 108 days). Patients who received bevacizumab, erlotinib, or pemetrexed had the longest treatment durations on average (approximately 146 days v 75 days for those who did not receive these agents). Approximately 44% of patients received antineoplastic agents in the last 30 days of life throughout the study period. Acute inpatient spending declined (from $29,376 to $23,731), whereas outpatient spending increased 23% (from $37,931 to $46,642). Median survival gains of 1.5 months were observed. Conclusion Considerable shifts in the treatment of advanced-stage NSCLC occurred along with modest gains in survival and total Medicare spending. More precise outcome information is needed to inform value-based treatment decisions for advanced-stage NSCLC.