Authors: Azap RA, Diaz A, Hyer JM, Tsilimigras DI, Mirdad RS, Ejaz A, Pawlik TM
Title: Impact of Race/Ethnicity and County-Level Vulnerability on Receipt of Surgery Among Older Medicare Beneficiaries With the Diagnosis of Early Pancreatic Cancer.
Journal: Ann Surg Oncol :-
Date: 2021 Apr 12
PubMed ID: 33844130
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Patients can experience barriers and disparities to access high-quality cancer care. This study sought to characterize receipt of surgery and chemotherapy among Medicare beneficiaries with a diagnosis of early-stage pancreatic adenocarcinoma cancer (PDAC) relative to race/ethnicity and social vulnerability. METHODS: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare database was used to identify patients with a diagnosis of early-stage (stage 1 or 2) PDAC between 2004 and 2016. Data were merged with the CDC's Social Vulnerability Index (SVI) at the beneficiary's county of residence. Multivariable, mixed-effects logistic regression was used to assess the association of SVI with resection. RESULTS: Among 15,931 older Medicare beneficiaries with early-stage PDAC (median age, 77 years; interquartile range [IQR], 71-82 years), the majority was White (n = 12,737, 80.0 %), whereas a smaller subset was Black or Latino (n = 3194, 20.0 %) A minority of patients was more likely to live in highly vulnerable communities (low SVI: white [90.5 %] vs minority [9.5 %] vs high SVI: white [71.9 %] vs minority [28.1 %]; p < 0.001). Use of resection for early-stage PDAC was lowest among the patients who resided in high-SVI areas (low [38.0 %] vs average [34.3 %] vs high [31.9 %]; p < 0.001). The minority patients were less likely to undergo resection than the White patients (no resection: white [64.1 %] vs minority [70.7 %]; p < 0.001). The median SVI was higher among the patients who underwent resection (57.6; IQR, 36.0-81.0) than among those who did not (60.4; IQR, 41.9-84.3), and increased SVI resulted in a decline in the likelihood of resection (SVI trend: OR, 0.98; 95 % confidence interval [CI], 0.97-1.00), especially among the minority patients. Minority patients from high-SVI counties had markedly lower odds of preoperative chemotherapy than minority patients from a low-SVI neighborhood (OR, 0.62; 95 % CI, 0.52-0.73). CONCLUSIONS: Older Medicare beneficiaries with early-stage PDAC residing in counties with higher social vulnerability had lower odds of undergoing pancreatic resection, which was more pronounced among minority versus older White Medicare beneficiaries.