Authors: Raab GT, Lin A, Hillyer GC, Keller D, O'Neil DS, Accordino MK, Buono DL, Hur C, Kiran RP, Wright JD, Hershman DL, Neugut AI
Title: Use of Bevacizumab for Elderly Patients With Stage IV Colon Cancer: Analysis of SEER-Medicare Data.
Journal: Clin Colorectal Cancer 18(3):e294-e299
Date: 2019 Sep
PubMed ID: 31266707
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Bevacizumab is used for the treatment of metastatic colon cancer in conjunction with first-line chemotherapy. In this study, we examined receipt of first-line bevacizumab and predictors of its use among older patients with stage IV colon cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare dataset to identify patients with stage IV colon cancer diagnosed from 2005 to 2013 who received FOLFOX (5-fluorouracil/leucovorin/oxaliplatin) or FOLFIRI (5-fluorouracil/leucovorin/irinotecan) as first-line therapy. We used multivariable regression analysis to determine demographic and clinical factors associated with use of concomitant bevacizumab. RESULTS: We identified 3785 patients with stage IV colon cancer who met our eligibility criteria. Of these, 2352 (62.1%) received bevacizumab. Bevacizumab use has decreased over time from 68.2% in 2005 to 57.6% in 2013 (odds ratio [OR], 0.94; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.91-0.97). Patients were less likely to receive bevacizumab if they were older (compared with 65-69 years, ≥ 80 years: OR, 0.64; 95% CI, 0.52-0.80), or had multiple comorbidities (compared with comorbidity score of 0, score of 1: OR, 0.73; 95% CI, 0.60-0.89). CONCLUSION: Over one-half of elderly patients received bevacizumab as part of their first-line therapy for stage IV colon cancer. Bevacizumab use has been slowly decreasing since 2005. Newer anti-epidermal growth factor receptor treatments have not been supplanting bevacizumab, as first-line biologic use in general has also decreased during this time period.