Authors: Yared J, Gandhi AB, Nagarajan M, Albarmawi H, Keating K, Appukkuttan S, Onukwugha E
Title: Patient-level Factors Associated With the Initial Management of Older Adults Diagnosed With Follicular Lymphoma: A Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare Analysis.
Journal: Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk 20(4):e184-e194
Date: 2020 Apr
PubMed ID: 31956071
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: We evaluated patient-level factors associated with the initial management of older adults diagnosed with follicular lymphoma (FL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using linked Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare (SEER-Medicare) data; we identified 11,500 beneficiaries aged ≥ 66 years, diagnosed with FL between 2000 and 2013. A logistic regression model was used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (AORs) for factors associated with the receipt of active treatment versus watchful waiting (WW) as an initial management strategy. A multinomial logistic regression model was used to predict factors associated with receipt of specific active treatments, namely chemoimmunotherapy, rituximab monotherapy, chemotherapy, or radiation as compared with WW. RESULTS: Overall, the initial management strategies adopted were WW (49%), chemoimmunotherapy (25%), radiation (10%), rituximab monotherapy (9%), and chemotherapy (7%). In reference to WW, grade III FL (AOR, 2.21; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.99-2.46), increasing disease stage (Stage IV AOR, 1.80; 95% CI, 1.62-2.00), and use of preventive services (AOR, 1.18; 95% CI, 1.07-1.30) were associated with increased odds of active treatment receipt. Age > 80 years (AOR, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.71-0.87), Non-Hispanic African-American race (AOR, 0.64; 95% CI, 0.50-0.80), and state buy-in coverage (AOR, 0.81; 95% CI, 0.70-0.94) were associated with decreased odds of active treatment receipt. In reference to WW, the multinomial logistic regression model displayed differences in the receipt of rituximab-based therapies by age and comorbidity burden. Non-Hispanic African-American race and state buy-in coverage were associated with decreased odds of receiving rituximab-based therapies. CONCLUSION: The present analysis identifies disparities in the initial management of older adults with FL owing to race and socioeconomic status. Future research should examine implications for subsequent treatment and health outcomes.