Publication Abstract

Authors: Britton JA, Gammon MD, Kelsey JL, Brogan DJ, Coates RJ, Schoenberg JB, Potischman N, Swanson CA, Stanford JL, Brinton LA

Title: Characteristics associated with recent recreational exercise among women 20 to 44 years of age.

Journal: Women Health 31(2-3):81-96

Date: 2000

Abstract: Data on 1,501 control women from a multi-center, population-based, case-control study of breast cancer were used to examine characteristics associated with recreational exercise during the year prior to the interview among women 20 to 44 years of age. In a univariate analysis, higher levels of recreational exercise were associated with: higher education; higher family income; white race; previous participation in recreational exercise above the median level at ages 12 to 13 and at age 20; being nulliparous; ever lactating; being a never or past smoker; having a low current Quetelet's index (QI: weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared); and living in Atlanta or Seattle (compared to New Jersey). In a multiple linear regression model, independent predictors of higher levels of recreational exercise were: participation in higher levels of exercise at 20 years of age; having a low current QI; and never having smoked. Though all women should be encouraged to participate in exercise, these findings identity subgroups of women that may need targeting when developing exercise intervention programs.