Authors: Calip GS, Yu O, Hoskins KF, Boudreau DM
Title: Associations between diabetes medication use and risk of second breast cancer events and mortality.
Journal: Cancer Causes Control 26(8):1065-77
Date: 2015 Aug
Abstract: PURPOSE: Diabetes and certain diabetes medications have been shown to influence breast cancer (BC) risk. Less is known about their relation to BC outcomes. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of diabetes and diabetes medications on risk of second breast cancer events (SBCE) and mortality. METHODS: This population-based cohort study was conducted among women diagnosed with early-stage (I-II) BC and enrolled in an integrated health plan. Exposures of interest were diabetes and medication classes including insulin, metformin, and sulfonylureas. Outcomes of interest were SBCE defined as recurrence or second primary BC, BC-specific mortality, and all-cause mortality. We used multivariable Cox proportional hazards models to estimate hazard ratios (HR) and 95 % confidence intervals (CI) for diabetes and medication use while accounting for potential confounders and competing risks. RESULTS: Among 4,216 women, 13 % developed SBCE during a median follow-up of 6.3 years. 610 women had diabetes of which 76 % used oral diabetes medication and/or insulin. Findings suggested that diabetes increased the risk of recurrence (HR = 1.57; 95 % CI 1.09-2.25) but not overall SBCE (HR = 1.29; 95 % CI 0.94-1.76) or second primary BC (HR = 0.74; 95 % CI 0.39-1.41). Among women with diabetes, insulin use was associated with increased risks of recurrence (HR = 1.94; 95 % CI 1.08-3.48) and all-cause mortality (HR = 2.33; 95 % CI 1.70-3.20). Metformin use was associated with lower all-cause mortality (HR = 0.55; 95 % CI 0.38-0.79). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show an association between diabetes and increased recurrence risk, and risk may be greater among insulin users. Metformin may reduce all-cause mortality among BC survivors. Given the growing breast cancer survivor population, further research in larger, more diverse populations is warranted.
Last Updated: 02 Mar 2015