Authors: Rodday AM, Hahn T, Kumar AJ, Lindenauer PK, Friedberg JW, Evens AM, Parsons SK
Title: First-line treatment in older patients with Hodgkin lymphoma: a Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare population-based study.
Journal: Br J Haematol :-
Date: 2020 Feb 23
PubMed ID: 32090325
Abstract: While Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is highly curable in younger patients, older patients have higher relapse and death rates, which may reflect age-related factors, distinct disease biology and/or treatment decisions. We described the association between patient, disease and geographic factors and first-line treatment in older patients (≥65 years) with incident HL using Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare data from 1999 to 2014 (n = 2825). First-line treatment initiated at ≤4 months after diagnosis was categorised as: full chemotherapy regimen (n = 699, 24·7%); partial chemotherapy regimen (n = 1016, 36·0%); single chemotherapy agent or radiotherapy (n = 382, 13·5%); and no treatment (n = 728, 25·8%). Among the fully treated, ABVD [doxorubicin (Adriamycin), bleomycin, vinblastine, dacarbazine]/AVD was most common (n = 635, 90·8%). Adjusted multinomial logistic regression identified factors associated with treatment. Older age, Medicaid dual eligibility, not married, frailty, cardiac comorbidity, prior cancer, earlier diagnosis date, histology, advanced disease Stage, B symptoms and South region were independently associated with increased odds of not receiving full chemotherapy regimens. In conclusion, we found variability in first-line HL treatment for older patients. Treatment differences by Medicaid and region may indicate disparities. Even after adjusting for frailty and cardiac comorbidity, age was associated with treatment, suggesting factors such as end-of-life care or shared decision-making may influence treatment in older patients.