Authors: Maganty A, Turner RM 2nd, Yabes JG, Heron DE, Gingrich JR, Davies BJ, Jacobs BL
Title: Increasing use of positron emission tomography among medicare beneficiaries undergoing radical cystectomy.
Journal: Eur J Cancer Care (Engl) :e13230-
Date: 2020 Feb 05
PubMed ID: 32026559
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To examine factors associated with PET scan use in the pre-operative evaluation of patients diagnosed with bladder cancer. METHODS: Using SEER-Medicare data, we identified bladder cancer patients who underwent radical cystectomy from 2006 to 2011 (n = 4,138). The primary outcome was PET scan use within 6 months before surgery. To examine predictors of PET scan use, we fit a mixed logit model with health service area as a random effect to account for patients nested within health service areas. We also calculated the adjusted probability of use over time and examined variation among the highest volume surgeons. RESULTS: Among the 4,138 patients, 406 (10%) received a pre-operative PET scan. The adjusted probability of a patient undergoing a PET scan increased from 0.04 in 2004 to 0.10 in 2011 (p < .001). Among the 78 highest volume surgeons, there was significant variation in PET scan use (p < .001). Patients with non-urothelial histology, measurement of alkaline phosphatase levels, and receipt of neoadjuvant chemotherapy were more likely to receive PET scan (all p < .05). CONCLUSION: Use of PET prior to radical cystectomy doubled over a 5-year period, suggesting its increased use in patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer, particularly those with high-risk disease. Whether its use is warranted and improves patient outcomes is not clear and requires further studies.