Publication Abstract

Authors: Coker AL, Du XL, Fang S, Eggleston KS

Title: Socioeconomic status and cervical cancer survival among older women: findings from the SEER-Medicare linked data cohorts.

Journal: Gynecol Oncol 102(2):278-84

Date: 2006 Aug

Abstract: OBJECTIVES: Tumor stage, age, and cell type are well-characterized predictors for cervical cancer survival; socioeconomic factors may also play an important role. The purpose of this study is to estimate cervical cancer survival by socioeconomic indicators and race/ethnicity among elderly women diagnosed with cervical cancer. METHODS: We studied 1251 women with cervical cancer aged 65 or older, identified between 1992 and 1999 from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results [SEER]-Medicare linked data. All women had similar access to care through Medicare fee-for-services insurance. A composite measure of socioeconomic status was created using census tract level data for poverty, education, and income. Cox proportional hazard modeling was used for all-cause and cervical cancer-specific survival analysis. RESULTS: Increased age (P < 0.0001) and advanced tumor stage (<0.0001) were associated with poorer all-cause and cervical cancer-specific survival. After adjustment for age, stage, and treatment, increased co-morbidity scores and having non-squamous cervical cancer were associated with poorer all-cause survival (P < 0.001). After adjusting for confounders, women receiving hysterectomy vs. no surgery or any treatment had significantly better all-cause and cervical cancer-specific survival. Socioeconomic factors were not associated with either all-cause (P for trend = 0.79) or cervical cancer-specific (P for trend = 0.81) survival. No racial/ethnic differences in all-cause or cervical cancer-specific survival were observed after adjusting for socioeconomic factors. CONCLUSION: Among women with similar access to care, neither minority race/ethnicity nor poorer socioeconomic status were associated with poorer survival in this large sample of older women diagnosed with invasive cervical cancer. Presence of co-morbid conditions and treatment were important predictors of cervical cancer survival.